A Basic Roofing Glossary Of Terms

When it comes to needing a roof, you need to work with a roofer who you trust is going to leverage experience, integrity, and great customer service to give you the roof that you and your home or business deserve. Sadly, it’s easy to get caught up in the jargon of the industry and miss out on the cues and details that will inform you as to whether the company you are talking to is one that you want to choose for your roofing needs.

To help avoid this common conundrum, Xpress Roofing and Construction has compiled a basic glossary of the most fundamental terms you can expect your residential or commercial roofer to use when discussing your roof and what it will take to fix or repair it. Read on to learn more or contact Xpress Roofing and Construction today to get a straight-forward, understandable consultation from Albuquerque’s trusted storm damage and roof replacement experts.

Roofer Jargon

Every line of work, including yours, has language and terms that are specific to it. Roofing is no different. Read on to learn how to decipher the most common terms you can expect to hear from any roofer in Albuquerque that you talk to.

Drip Edge

This is a strip of material that is installed along the edges of your roof so that water won’t drip down onto areas you don’t want it, such as a siding or a wooden deck.


Common with certain styles of residential architecture, a dormer is a section of roofing that sticks out from the slope of the roof to accommodate a window.


Usually made of sheet metal, flashing waterproofs the area around chimneys, vents, and the valleys where the directional pitches of your roof meet.


Granules are the ceramic-coated crushed rock pieces that typically make up the surface of an asphalt shingle.

Hip Roof

A style of roofing in which four equal pitch roof planes come together at the top of the structure.

Ice Dam

Ice dams occur when snow melts and re-freezes causing buildups of ice against your siding, shingle edges, or gutters.

Impact Resistance

This is a rating of the roofing materials that exist on your home or that you are looking to install. Areas that experience high wind and regular hail should expect to utilize impact-resistant roofing materials for the best results.

Interlocking Shingles

A style of shingle that fasten together to prevent uplift from strong winds.

Mansard Roof

A style of roofing that is four-sided with a pair of steep planes that meet a flat(ish) plane on the top.


The membrane is that waterproofing material that is for flat or nearly flat roofing to help avoid moisture pooling and facilitate better runoff.


Any object that passes through the roof on your home. Chimneys, pipes, and vents are all examples of roof penetrations.


A standard roofing measurement that represents 100 square feet.


The process of removing a roof down to its decking so that a new roof may be installed.


Any area on your roof where two planes meet to create a V-shaped crevice.